Appendix

Appendix I. 
Ships of the 7th Flotilla in 1914.

Scout Cruiser
Skirmisher. Built by Vickers. Launched 7.2.05. Displacement. 2895 tons. Coal fired. Top speed 25 knots. 9 - 4" guns, 6 - 6 pdr. guns, 2 - T8" Torpedo tubes.


Skirmisher with Sentrnel, 1916.

B Class Destroyers
Arab, Earnest, Griffon, Lively, Locust, Panthel Quail, Seal, Sprightly, Success, Thrasher, Wolf. Built between 24.9.95. And 1.3.01. Displacement 355 to 400 tons, Coal fired. Top speed 30 knots. 1 - 12pdr.gun, 5 - 6 pdr.guns. 2 - 18" torpedo fubes.


Arab, 1903


Lively, 1908 

Success, 1911.


Thrasher, 1897


Quail, 1908

C Class Destroyers
Albatross, Avon, Bullfinch, Dove, Leopard, Sylvia, Thorn, Vixen, Violet. Built between 10.10.96 and 29.3.00. Displacement 350 to 400 tons. Coal fired. Top speed 30 knots. 5 - 6pdr.gun. 5 - 6pdr.guns. 2 - 18" torpedo tubes-


Albatross, 1908


Bullfinch, 1901

Torpedo Boats
Numbers 1,2,3,4,5,13,14,15,16, 21,22,24. Built between 23.1.06.artd 19.3.08. Displacement 225 to 306 tons. Oil fired. Top speed 26 knots. 2 - 12 pdr. guns. 3 - 18" torpedo tubes.


TB15, 1907

Depot Ships 
Leander replaced by St. George in November 1974. Leander was built as cruiser 28.10.82 and converted to depot ship 6.04. Displacement 4050 tons. Coal fired. Top speed 17 knots. 4.- 6pdr.guns. St.George was built as cruiser 23.6.92. and converted to depot ship 3.10. Displacement 5750 tons. Coal fired. Top speed 19 knots. Unarmed.


Leander, 1904


St George, 1906

Appendix II
The Admiralty Declaration of 2nd November, 1914 on Mining.

During the last week the Germans have scattered mines indiscriminately in the open sea on the main trade route between from America to Liverpool via the north of Ireland. Peaceful merchant ships have already been blown up with loss of life by this agency. The White Star Olympic escaped disaster by pure good luck. But for the warnings given by British cruisers, other British and neutral merchants and passenger vessels would have been destroyed. These mines can not have been laid by any German ship-of-war. They have been laid by some merchant vessel flying a neutral flag which has come along the trade route as if for the purpose of peaceful commerce and, while profiting to the full by the immunity enjoyed by neutral merchant vessels, has wantonly and recklessly endangered the lives of all that travel on the sea, regardless of whether they are friend or foe, civilian or military in character.

Minelaying under a neutral flag and reconnaissance conducted by trawlers, hospital ships and neutral vessels are the ordinary features of German naval warfare. In these circumstances, having regard to the great interests enffusted to the British Navy, to the safety of peaceful conlmerce on the high seas, and to the maintenance within the limits of international law of trade between neutral countries, the Admiralty feel it necessary to adapt exceptional measures appropriate to the novel conditions under which the war is being waged.

They therefore give notice that the whole of the North Sea must be considered a military area. Within this area merchant shipping of all kinds, traders of all countries, fishing craft, and all other vessels will be exposed to the gravest danger from mines which it is necessary to lay, and from warships searching vigilantly by night and day for suspicious craft. All merchant and fishing vessels of every description are hereby warned of the dangers they encounter by entering this area except in strict accordance with Admiralty directions. Every effort will be made to convey this warning to neutral countries and to vessels on the seas, but from November 5th. onwards the Admiralty announce that all ships passing a line drawn from the northern point of the Hebrides through the Faroe Island to Iceland do so at their peril.

Ships of all countries wishing to trade to and from Norway, the Baltic, Denmark and Holland are advised to come, if inward bound, by the English Channel and the Straits of Dover. There they will be given sailing directions which will pass them safely, as far as Great Britain is concerned, up the east coast of England to Farne Island, whence a safe route will, if possible, be given to Lindesnaes Lighthouse. From this point they should turn north or south according to their destination, keeping as near to the coast as possible. The converse applies to vessels outward bound. By strict adherence to these routes the commerce of all counfries will be able to reach its destination in safety as far as Great Britain is concerned, but any straying, even for a few miles, from the course thus indicated, may be followed by fatal consequences.

Appendix III.
Convention No.9 of the Second Hague Conference.

I. The bombardment by naval forces of undefended ports, towns, villages, dwellings or buildings is forbidden. A place may not be bombarded solely on the ground that automatic submarine contact mines are anchored offthe harbour.
II. Military works, military or naval establishments, depots of arms or war material, workshops or plant which could be utilised for the needs of the hostile fleet or army, and ships of war in the harbour, are not, however, included in this prohibition. The commander of a naval force may destroy them with atillery after a sulnmons followed by a reasonable interval of time, if all other means are impossible, and when local authorities have not themselves destroyed them within the time fixed. The commander incurs no responsibility for any unavoidable damage which may be caused by a bombardment under such circumstances. If for military reasons immediate action is necessary, and no delay can be allowed to the enemy, it is nevertheless understood that the prohibition to bombard undefended towns holds good, as in the case given in the flrst paragraph, and the commander shall take all due measures in order that the town may suffer as little harm as possible.
III. After due notice has been given, the bombardment of undefended ports, towns, villages, dwellings or buildings may be commenced, if the local authorities, on a formal sufirmons being made to them, decline to comply with requisitions for provisions or supplies necessary for the immediate use of the naval force before the place in question.
Such requisitions shall be proportionate to the resources of the place. They shall only be demanded in the name of the commander of the said naval force, and they shall, as far as possible, be paid for in ready money; if not receipts shall be given.
IV. The bombardment of undefended ports, towns, villages, dwellings, or buildings, on account of failure to pay money contributions, is forbidden.

Appendix IV.
The German Declaration of 5th February" 1915.

1. The waters around Great Britain and lreland, including the whole of the English Channel, are herewith declared to be in the War Zone. From February, 18 onwards, every merchant-ship met with in this War Zone will be destroyed, nor will it always be possible to obviate the danger with which the crews and passengers are thereby threatened.
2. Neutral ships too, will run a risk in the War Zone, for in view of the misuse of neutral flags ordered by the British Government on January 31, and owing to the hazards of naval warfare, it may not be always be possible to prevent the attacks meant for hostile ships from being directed against neutral ships. 3. Shipping north of the Shetland Islands, in the eastern part of the North Sea and on a strip at least 30 nautical miles wide along the Dutch coast, is not threatened with danger.
V. Pohl,
Chief of Naval Staff

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